Who has the authority to implement the responsibility to protect?
Abstractn. The world was unprepared for the wave of humanitarian crises that took place in the 1990’s. The rapid succession of catastrophes just in the space of 12 months from 1992-93 in Bosnia, Rwanda and Somalia left the international community paralyzed by uncertainty and debate about whether it had a right to intervene to protect the victims of ethnic cleansing, genocide or famine. Some drew from these experiences the lesson that the UN is irrelevant. When further conflict seemed inevitable in 1999 over Kosovo, the international community bypassed the UN in favor of a succession of other actors, first through the EU and ultimately through NATO.
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