Who has the authority to implement the responsibility to protect?

  • Richard M.A Iserman University of Massachusetts


n. The world was unprepared for the wave of humanitarian crises that took place in the 1990’s. The rapid succession of catastrophes just in the space of 12 months from 1992-93 in Bosnia, Rwanda and Somalia left the international community paralyzed by uncertainty and debate about whether it had a right to intervene to protect the victims of ethnic cleansing, genocide or famine. Some drew from these experiences the lesson that the UN is irrelevant. When further conflict seemed inevitable in 1999 over Kosovo, the international community bypassed the UN in favor of a succession of other actors, first through the EU and ultimately through NATO.


Constitutive Act of the African Union 2000, http://www.au2002.gov.
za/docs/key_oau/au_act.htm (accessed 5/17/2009).
Bellamy, Alex J. Responsibility to Protect Or Trojan Horse? The Crisis in Darfur and Humanitarian Intervention After Iraq. Vol. 19.
Deng, Francis Mading. Sovereignty as Responsibility : Conflict Management in Africa. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1996.
Evans, Gareth and Mohamed Sahnoun. The Responsibility to Protect. Foreign Affairs, November 2002 – December, 2002. 99.
International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty. The Responsibility to Protect. Ottowa: International Development Research Centre, 2001.
Jones, Samuel Vincent. “Darfur, the Authority of the Law, and Unilateral Humanitarian Intervention.” University of Toledo Law Review 39, (2007).
Kioko, Ben. “The Right of Intervention Under the African Union’s Constitutive Act: From Non-Interference to Non-Intervention.” International Review of the Red Cross 85, no. 852
Moni, Waranya. “The UN Report on Darfur: What Role for the AU? – UN Security Council – Global Policy Forum.”
http://www.globalpolicy.org/security/issues/sudan/2005/0210aurole.htm (accessed 5/17/2009, 2009).
Moon, Ban-Ki. Implementing the Responsibility to Protect. New York: United Nations, 2009.
House of Congress, 108th Sess. Declaring Genocide in Darfur. 467. (2004).
Van Langenhove, Luk. Delivering Human Security through Multi-Level Governance. Bruges, Belgium: United Nations University – Comparative Regional Integration Studies, 2009.
Weiss, Thomas G. Overcoming the Security Council Reform Impasse: The Implausible Versus the Plausible. New York: Friedrich-Ebert Stiftung, 2005.
Weiss, Thomas G. “The Illusion of UN Security Council Reform.” Washington Quarterly 26, no. 4 (10, 2003): 147.

Abstract views: 42
PDF Downloads: 35
How to Cite
Iserman, R. (2014). Who has the authority to implement the responsibility to protect?. Fundamental and Applied Researches in Practice of Leading Scientific Schools, 1(1), 153-164. Retrieved from https://farplss.org/index.php/journal/article/view/150