Peculiarities of perception’s formation of space of children in the contemporary information world
AbstractResearches of psychological nature of perception of space in children have great practical importance as well as it is hard to name, at least, one field of human activity, where the ability to orientate in space wouldn’t play such an essential role. This ability is necessary condition for overcoming egocentrism, successful cognition and an active transformation of reality. Free operation of spatial images appears as a fundamental skill that unites the various types of educational and labor activities.To study the spatial experience of children at the age from 5 to 9 years, in the conditions, which demand certain spatial distinctions, we have conducted the research with the help of methodic named “Cats”, built on the principle of bingo. We examined 158 children in Kyiv - pupils of kindergarten №303, pupils of 1st and 2nd grades of secondary school №228 and a grammar school of 1 level with in-depth study of foreign languages №327.The task was to find among 6 squares with differently situated two cats on them one single square which would be identical to the sample.As the findings of the study state, with age differences in the development of decentration between children who are too addicted to games in the virtual space and their peers, who are less involved in the world of computer games, are becoming increasingly tangible. Children who play a lot feel difficulties in finding the correlation of characteristics or attributes of objects with peculiarities from the observer's point of view, in understanding the possibility of different perspectives and points of view. It is also hard for them to focus on the position of other people, which differs from their own, namely, their development of decentration is being lingered.
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