The development of the prosodic component of speech of preschool children by vocal therapy techniques
AbstractIn this article substantiated are the methodological and theoretical-empirical aspects of the development of the prosodic component of speech of preschool children with the help of vocal therapy techniques. The analysis of the overall complex structure of the use of vocal therapy in human life allowed to identify psychological, psycholinguistic, medical, physiological, psychological and pedagogical aspects.The author highlights the relationship between the prosodic component of speech and the individual psychological characteristics of preschool children. Particular attention is paid to the development of a scheme for the development of the prosodic component of speech by means of vocal therapy, which consists of three blocks: two diagnostic and one developing, that causes a change in the prosodic components of the speech of preschool children. The author's method of vocal therapy is described in the article, which is characterized by a special impact on the development of the prosodic component of speech of preschool children, and which takes into account their individual psychological characteristics. The latter, in their turn, are manifested at three levels: emotional (lowering the level of anxiety), personal (increasing self-esteem, improvement of self-regulation of manifestations of temperament properties) and communicative (improving group interaction). The author substantiates the technology for implementing the program, which contains a set of organizational activities, operations and techniques aimed at achieving the stated goal, i.e.: software complexes, their content and components, the specific nature of the selection of material for the software, the organization of vocal therapy sessions, technical and hygienic requirements related to the application of vocal therapy.
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