Hyrudothepary method in addictology protected by the patent of Ukraine

  • I. Sosin Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education
  • N. Burmaka Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education
  • O. Volkov Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education
  • O. Vereshchak Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education
  • V. Skobelev Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education
  • O. Kiosev Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education
Keywords: addictology, hirudotherapy, microcirculation, pharmacological and physical stimulation, nicotinic acid, leech application


Hirudotherapy method in addictology, which includes leech application on the patient's body, with direct pre-treatment which consists of local mechanical (manual), local superficial pharmacological (alcohol) and physical (thermal) stimulation of skin microcirculation, is characterized by additional intravenous administration of 1-2 mL of nicotinic acid 1 % solution, and in 1-3 minutes after marked hyperemia of skin, the leech application procedure, according to the formulation appropriate to the patient's  state, is performed.Our research has shown that this way significantly increases probability of rapid leech blood suction. According to the proposed method, we have treated 17 opiate addicted patients under withdrawal syndrome (males, mean age 29 years old), totally 68 hirudotherapy treatments. These hirudotherapy treatments, performed by the proposed method, were compared to the traditional prototype method (also 17 patients and 68 treatments), and this analysis proved that the former of these is significantly more safe and effective, as it is illustrated in the table below.Thus, the proposed method allowed 3.2 fold reduced term of leech attachment, 1.3 fold shortened time of procedure until full blood-filling of leeches (due to activated process of blood-filling extracted from the addicted patient), 7.0 fold reduced number of leeches "worked" slowly, with pauses and detached itselves before complete blood-filling), 15.0 fold reduced number of leeches, which did not fasten on the patient’s body at all. No complications or side effects were observed.


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Sosin, I., Burmaka, N., Volkov, O., Vereshchak, O., Skobelev, V., & Kiosev, O. (2017). Hyrudothepary method in addictology protected by the patent of Ukraine. Fundamental and Applied Researches in Practice of Leading Scientific Schools, 23(5), 70-73. Retrieved from https://farplss.org/index.php/journal/article/view/239