Modern stage of genetic researches in psychology
AbstractThe attempt for analysis of modern state in national genetic psychology is linked with significant difficulties that have general and completely logical explanation: they appear because this sphere of psychological science is in the process of rapid establishment, which is accompanied by ambiguous phenomena. A very serious task is to define the subject of research, which is complicated by the fact that most other sections of psychology are inclined to the problems of development and formation. The subject is thus “washed off” that once more testifies to the long crisis in scientific psychology. If to try in the analysis “to catch” everything that is known about development in modern psychology (and, at last, it would be fair) – we would have to write a large book, although it could not help in this situation to differentiate this subject from other sections of psychology. Thus, it is very difficult to distinguish the field of analysis “due to subject”. Moreover, it is not necessary to do it in terms of scientific ethics. So, if we aim the analytical research to the problem on development of psychics, then we are just obliged to use the results from a great number of works that are not included into that scientific school, in which achievements we are interested. It is impossible to pretend that as if there are no other directions, which also relate to development, or to mention them only in negative aspect, as it is unfortunately the case in some theoretical analytical works on genetic psychology. So, having acknowledged that psychical development is studied very widely, let’s mention that we are interested in those researches, which were made within theoretical notions in cultural historical model by L.S. Vygotskyy using experimental genetic method (if the research is experimental). This unity (theoretical notion – method) is very essential not only in terms of general methodological point of view but because, in our opinion, it is namely its strict learning that allowed the scientific direction not only surviving but developing into independent and very interesting sphere of psychology (hereinafter in the text we will use the expression “genetic psychology” exclusively for designation of this direction in psychology).
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