Human as a subject of biographical research: history and methodology


  • E. Rudnev Publishing House Public Education
Keywords: biographical method; psychological approach; psychobiography; scientific tradition; biographical research methodology; biographical interview; media biography.

Abstract

In the article, the psychological bases of the biographical research based on the works of domestic and foreign scientists are considered. The formation of the bio-graphical method in the historical reperspective is shown. It is noted that the bio-graphical method receives the most intensive development in the 20th century, be-ginning with the attempt of G.Myurei to ligate this kind of research, and the place of the biographical method in the studies of SLRubinstein and BGAnaniev in Russia also. The Russian and American traditions of biographical research are com-pared. The role of D.Levinson and his influence on the further development of American psychology, the dominance of general and age psychology in Russian and social psychology in American psychology, as well as the applied nature of American studies are shown. Four main directions of biographical research in domestic psychology are singled out: philosophical-being, personality-reconstructive, narrative and ontopsychological. Their brief characteristic is given and the representatives are listed. Methodological aspects of biographical research are disclosed.  Distinctions of biographical interview and biographical study tasks are described. Changes in the studied groups and the possibilities of research based on media technology are shown at the present stage.

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Published
2018-02-16
How to Cite
Rudnev, E. (2018). Human as a subject of biographical research: history and methodology. Fundamental and Applied Researches in Practice of Leading Scientific Schools, 25(1), 114-119. Retrieved from https://farplss.org/index.php/journal/article/view/280