Studying personal identity of students by means of modified semantic differential
AbstractCurrent article devoted to conceptual apparatus improvement for study and analysis personal identity. The purpose of this publication is modification of methodology semantic differential for investigation personal identity among students. The issue of study and improvement conceptual apparatus for investigation the personal identity among students is essential and vital task. This publication reviling the concept: Personal identity in general – it is set of traits and the others individual characteristics, which are distinguished by certain constancy in space and time, which permits differentiation of certain person between rest of population. The common personal identity divides into 2 components: Temporal identity – feeling of internal unity and self-integration over time; and spatial activity identification – feeling of internal unity and one’s-own image integration in different acting-spheres. Stage of temporal identity consolidation is determined by level of imaginary fluctuations about your-self in different times, at the time when level of consolidation spatial activity identification shows us, how strong is imaginary fluctuations in different acting-spheres. The modification of methodology of semantic differential which was proposed in order to investigate self-identity and operationalization on all concepts basis. Methodology of semantic differential by D.Feldes was used. The indicators of student’s personal identity were analyzed in particular article. The detail of the structure of all types “I” and self-identity types, where the most positive characteristic always will be emotional-valuable treats, and high level of self-estimation and self-recognition. Attention is drawn, that for students temporal identity, characteristic, is the greatest satisfaction emotional-valuable treats and high level of self-estimation as well, moreover, the lowest satisfaction level they demonstrate in a spheres of acting and initiative. Spatial activity identification has a different correlation of factors: in the studied spheres of life. It’s related with educational sphere, and moreover, with family-relation sphere, where students feels the biggest dependence and weakness. The most positive for all indicators is the image of oneself on vacation with friends. In contrast, the lowest level of satisfaction among students in educational sphere, which is especially often appears because of dissatisfaction by the level of self-initiative and activities. It is emphasized that common identity students which was involved is positive and well balanced. The level of temporal identity consolidation is lower compared to spatial activity identification, which means that difference between types of “I” in time is more prominent, then difference between types of “I” in life spheres variety. The article focuses on the results of the research, which reveal essential aspects of personal identity of modern student youth.
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