University Autonomy as a Sociocultural Concept
AbstractThe relevance of the study is determined by the needs of practice, first of all: the change of the place and role of universities in the life of society, the intensification of international cultural and academic relations, unfolding in a modern globalized and informative society. Globalization and the information revolution intensify the cultural-developmental and cultural-educational mission of universities. While remaining the centers of science and education, universities are increasingly promoting the knowledge of peoples and cultures, their understanding, convergence, and the establishment of constructive intercultural dialogue. The author notes that the modern university is gradually established as a cultural center of the region, the state as a whole, the international community, interstate cultural discourse. Fundamental significance for the traditional culture of the university involves institutional autonomy and principle of creativity; the postulate of forming the academic community and the principle of self-government; the nature of the university mission; ethical values; the principle of service to society. The author emphasizes that autonomy plays an important role in the culture of higher education. The more important the university attaches to its traditions and position, the more important it becomes its own institutional culture. The level of development and respect for it becomes a sign of its identity and authority, as well as the degree of maturity of its academic community. The author concludes that the fundamental significance for the traditional culture of the university is: institutional autonomy and the principle of creativity; the postulate of the formation of the academic community and the principle of self-government; the nature of the mission of the university; ethical values; the principle of service to society. It is proved that university autonomy is deeply rooted in its traditions. But the need for autonomy arises from the principle of creativity, which underlies the activities of each university. The problem of the implementation and spread of university autonomy did not pass Ukraine’s higher education, especially today during the reform of education in Ukraine.
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