Universal concepts in the Linguа-marine picture of the world
AbstractThe work proves the importance of studying professional world pictures in the context of globalization. The theoretical aspects of linguistic characteristics of professional world pictures are generalized. Separate from each other are universal concepts, professional concepts and terms. Priority parameters of universal concepts are noted. Attention is focused on the use of universal concepts for the language for special purposes, their cognitive potential. As one of the main universal concepts of the lingua-marine picture of the world, the concept of water was chosen and explored. The dictionary definitions of this concept are analyzed. The aspects of discussing concepts of the concept of water in modern explanatory dictionaries are singled out. The terminological heterogeneity of the dictionary systematization, mixing of linguistic and professional knowledge is noted. The author draws attention to cognitive information about the concept of water, which refers to the lingua-marine picture of the world, differentiates the types of special knowledge depending on the qualitative characteristics of the concept of water, defines the vectors of functional representations, gives examples. The dictionary plays a special role in the generalization and systematization of basic knowledge. In the process of research, the author came to the conclusion that universal concepts working in the professional marine world expand or change the semantic content, are the basis for modeling professional concepts. This determines the importance of studying the cognitive potential of universal concepts in the language for specific purposes, their terminological systematization and an adequate linguistic representation.
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