Concept of Law in modern society
AbstractThe article deals with the semantic information character of the concept of law. The history of formation and national features of the concept are analyzed. The comparison is conducted with content formats in the US and Europe. It is established that the legal principles of the Slavs strongly depend on spiritual values. In the Ukrainian national picture of the world, the violation of the law presupposed recognition, repentance, that is, a person's awareness of the illegitimacy of his actions. Therefore, for the Ukrainian mentality, the priority was spiritual punishment for crimes – the Judgment of God and the laws of society - the Laws of God. In the early twentieth century in Ukrainian society, spiritual laws had a thousand-year history and established value postulates, while state laws, although they were based on the legal norms of Roman law, in practice depended on officials, were used for their own benefit. Thus, a negative perception of the concept of law was formed in society. The presentation of the concept of law in dictionaries and legal discourse is considered. It is noted that the legal meaning of the concept of law in the XX century in the national legal system was aimed at regulating public relations. At the same time, its normative zone prescribed what should and should not be done. Also, differences in the national informativeness of the concept of law in Ukrainian, American and European societies were revealed. It outlines the priority of European values reflected in the concept of law, and the need to transform the Ukrainian legal system into a European format.
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