Models of difficultly reduced ergonomics in the Ukrainian language of the 1920-1930s

Keywords: ergonomym; difficultly reduced word; distinctive-identification component; verbal model; word-combination model; letter-wise model.


The article presents a fragment of research within the framework of the cathedral theme "Cognitive representations of the  p national picture of the world" of the Department of Ukrainian Studies of the National University "Odessa Maritime Academy". Ergonyms represent economic and social field  of the era of its functioning in the best way. They are rapidly responding to  progressive, economic, socio-political changes in society. The relevance of the research topic is due to the lack of scientists’ attention of studying  linguistic and extra-linguistic aspects of the Ukrainian ergonomics on different periods of development of Ukrainian society, especially the age of revolutionary transformations. The research objects  are ergonomisms which were functioning in the Ukrainian language in the 1920s-1930s , and  among them there are only those  having  one of the components or the whole ergonom  represented by a  syllabic abbreviation. The aim is to study the methods of modeling components in difficultly reduced ergonomics and their priority usage in the era of revolutionary socio-political and economic transformations of the first half of the twentieth century. The material for studying was selected from the directory "Vsya Odeschina" (1930).The registry of selected and analyzed ergonyms contains the  310 units, which makes up the common vision  of the system  ergonymorphic of syllabic abbreviation models used in the Ukrainian language in 1920s-1930s and determine their productivity that characterized period of linguistic history. In the process of the research was used  the methodology of systematic structural research in the field of linguistics, as well as elements of anthropocentric methodology . The leading methods were modeling, generalization, word-building and linguistic-cultural analysis, descriptive and quantitative methods. New in the study is a complex structural-semantic approach for exploring  of the abbreviated Ukrainian ergonomikon of the period of social revolutionary transformations in the 1920s-1930s.The most productive was the verbal model (42.6%), and it contained three-component models, which comprised 22.7% of the total and 53.3% of the number of verbal models. The second most  productive are abbreviated ergonyms formed by the structure of the  collocations (31.6%), and among them, the isolated-identification component, which is a two-component abbreviated word (18.1% of the total number of analyzed ergonyms, 57.3% ergonyms-collocations with the abbreviated component). The least were used alphabets and mixed abbreviations (25.8%),among them most often were used the three-part alphanumeric pattern (10.3% of the total number of ergonyms which were analyzed, or 41% of abbreviated and mixed models). The results of the research  give  an opportunity to deepen the study of Ukrainian ergonomics in linguistic and socio-historical, economic, cultural aspects.


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Kravets, I. (2018). Models of difficultly reduced ergonomics in the Ukrainian language of the 1920-1930s. Fundamental and Applied Researches in Practice of Leading Scientific Schools, 26(2), 170-176. Retrieved from