Models of difficultly reduced ergonomics in the Ukrainian language of the 1920-1930s
AbstractThe article presents a fragment of research within the framework of the cathedral theme "Cognitive representations of the p national picture of the world" of the Department of Ukrainian Studies of the National University "Odessa Maritime Academy". Ergonyms represent economic and social field of the era of its functioning in the best way. They are rapidly responding to progressive, economic, socio-political changes in society. The relevance of the research topic is due to the lack of scientists’ attention of studying linguistic and extra-linguistic aspects of the Ukrainian ergonomics on different periods of development of Ukrainian society, especially the age of revolutionary transformations. The research objects are ergonomisms which were functioning in the Ukrainian language in the 1920s-1930s , and among them there are only those having one of the components or the whole ergonom represented by a syllabic abbreviation. The aim is to study the methods of modeling components in difficultly reduced ergonomics and their priority usage in the era of revolutionary socio-political and economic transformations of the first half of the twentieth century. The material for studying was selected from the directory "Vsya Odeschina" (1930).The registry of selected and analyzed ergonyms contains the 310 units, which makes up the common vision of the system ergonymorphic of syllabic abbreviation models used in the Ukrainian language in 1920s-1930s and determine their productivity that characterized period of linguistic history. In the process of the research was used the methodology of systematic structural research in the field of linguistics, as well as elements of anthropocentric methodology . The leading methods were modeling, generalization, word-building and linguistic-cultural analysis, descriptive and quantitative methods. New in the study is a complex structural-semantic approach for exploring of the abbreviated Ukrainian ergonomikon of the period of social revolutionary transformations in the 1920s-1930s.The most productive was the verbal model (42.6%), and it contained three-component models, which comprised 22.7% of the total and 53.3% of the number of verbal models. The second most productive are abbreviated ergonyms formed by the structure of the collocations (31.6%), and among them, the isolated-identification component, which is a two-component abbreviated word (18.1% of the total number of analyzed ergonyms, 57.3% ergonyms-collocations with the abbreviated component). The least were used alphabets and mixed abbreviations (25.8%),among them most often were used the three-part alphanumeric pattern (10.3% of the total number of ergonyms which were analyzed, or 41% of abbreviated and mixed models). The results of the research give an opportunity to deepen the study of Ukrainian ergonomics in linguistic and socio-historical, economic, cultural aspects.
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