Legal responsibility for a unlawful acts with land resources objectives: under the Ukraine’s legislation


Keywords: unlawful acts; legal liability; land resources, delicts in the field of use and protection of land resources.

Abstract

The article deals with the legal responsibility for the commission of unlawful acts in the field of use and protection of land resources, as one of the effective methods of land protection - the national wealth of Ukraine. Analyzed different approaches that exist in legal literature, for the understanding of legal responsibilities - as a reaction of the state, as the responsibility of the perpetrator, as a legal relationship. On the basis of the analysis, the actual concept of legal liability is derived, as the legal relationship in which both the state and the offender have reciprocal rights and obligations. Since the land is the object of many social relations, which are regulated by various legal acts, for the commission of unlawful acts in the field of land relations, different types of legal liability can arise: civil, administrative and criminal. The article analyzes the list of unlawful acts, which are defined in the Criminal Code of Ukraine and the Code of Ukraine on Administrative Offenses as offenses in the field of land relations. The position on the allocation of a separate type of offense as the basis for legal liability - land violations and its general and special features are considered. All illegal acts in the field of land relations, depending on whether there is land relations, land resources, their quality status, land plots and their rights, the main object of the attack or additional (optional), are divided into two types: the actual land violations and other offenses that relate to the sphere of land relations or land resources. Accordingly, in the article, an offer is made to denote an unlawful act, the object of which is one way or the land, use the term – delicts in the field of use and protection of land resources.  

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Published
2018-04-30
How to Cite
Muliar, G., & Shust, G. (2018). Legal responsibility for a unlawful acts with land resources objectives: under the Ukraine’s legislation. Fundamental and Applied Researches in Practice of Leading Scientific Schools, 26(2), 187-191. Retrieved from https://farplss.org/index.php/journal/article/view/328