Mediating role of trust between emotional intelligence and positive functioning of personality
AbstractThis paper presents the theoretical justification and empirical confirmation of the hypothesis that trust mediates the relationship between emotional intelligence and positive personality functioning. The positive functioning is regarded as association of psychological wellbeing and hardiness. One of the important problems for researchers is what factors influence and predict positive functioning. One of the frequently regarded predictors of wellbeing is emotional intelligence (EI). However, the results of the studies of connection between emotional intelligence and wellbeing are controversial. Such scatter may point to a mediated character of connection between these indexes. The most commonly factors that are examined as mediators between EI and wellbeing are affects and social support. Some studies pay attention to trust as an important factor related to wellbeing, but mostly social trust is regarded, which is connected to the issue of social support. Our suggestion is that EI, trust and wellbeing have intrapersonal interrelations. Wherein we regard trust as a kind of attitude, which provides a certain way of perception and comprehension of the life events. Together with general trust, we take into account trust to the world, trust to other people and self-trust. The research was held on the sample of 213 students of different specialties to confirm the hypothesis that trust fulfills the mediating role between EI and indexes of positive functioning of a personality. We used ability-based EI test (MSCEIT), which is rather new for Ukraine, C. Ryff`s Psychological Well-being Scale and S. Maddi`s Hardiness Survey to examine positive functioning, Kupreichenko`s ‘Methodic of examining trust/distrust to the world, to other people and to oneself’ and Skripkina`s ‘Reflexive questionnaire of level of self-trust’ to measure trust. Data processing included correlation analysis, hierarchical regression analysis, and structural equation modeling (SEM). By the results of regression analysis, general trust and self-trust are significant and rather strong predictors of positive functioning. According to our hypothesis there were developed structural models describing the interrelations between indexes of EI, trust and positive functioning. The models with trust as mediator between EI and positive functioning showed good accordance to the outgoing data. We also received confirmation of the assumption that psychological wellbeing and hardiness may be associated in the framework of the positive functioning construct. Wherein trust performs as a separate phenomenon, one of the important conditions of positive functioning, in refraction through which the “positive potential” of personality`s dispositions and abilities may be realized. Besides, we received empirical confirmation of theoretical grounding for association of hardiness and psychological wellbeing in a framework of positive functioning construct.
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