Predictors of criminal aggressive behavior formation in women who underwent forensic examination
AbstractThis article is dedicated to the issue of female criminality, namely, formation of aggressive behavior in women who committed offenses against life and health of a person. Women are still vulnerable to sexual crimes and violence coming from members of their closest social circle. Thus, it is relevant to state that women commit emotionally charged murders, inflicting injuries onto the victim, who would usually be the initial aggressor. However, new aspects of female behavior also reveal themselves, such as alcohol and drug usage, and manifestation of aggression; often these phenomena "accompany each other". In fact, crimes committed in the state of alcohol intoxication often coincide in time with the actual joint consumption of alcoholic beverages. Today, we are able to examine other aspects of female behavior: violent criminal actions, which have earlier been more typical in males. Nowadays, differences between male and female crime are shrinking as the number of women committing violent crimes is increasing. The analysis was based on a study of 169 conclusions of complex forensic psychological-psychiatric and forensic psychiatric examinations of women who committed crimes against life and health of a person (data for the period of 2010-2016). This consolidating analysis identified that a number of factors that can be considered predictors of aggressive criminal behavior formation. Among these factors, we highlighted the general factors characteristic of the mentioned category of women. Such factors are as follows: poor level of education, microsocial conditions of upbringing, and antisocial behavior. The study also revealed the most typical characteristics of female criminals. It has been determined that personal characteristics and traits are significant in the process of formation of aggressive criminal behavior in women who have committed crimes against life and health, but such qualities do not exactly define the application of criminal behavior and do not have critical influence on formation of such behavior. Specific factors characteristic of women who committed crimes are determined depending on the directivity of criminal violations. In women whose crime was directly related to life and health, the situational factor of the offense had more significance. Among the significant situational predictors were alcohol intoxication of the victim and woman herself at the time of a crime; and conflict at the time of committing the delict. In addition, the most significant personal characteristics of such women were as follows: type of response to conflict situations and nature of the relationship with the victim. For women who have committed crimes that have an additional object - life and health of a person, the motivational factor of activity has become more significant.
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