Communicative needs in the structure of the intercourse process
AbstractThe methodological approaches and tendencies of the study on communicative needs are analyzed, their essence in the structure of intercourse process is revealed in the article. It is shown that communicative needs are an integral part of the motivational aspect of communication, and they cause to establish relationships with other people, express the need for communication and demonstrate its significance and value for a person. It is revealed that intercourse is an integral mechanism, which is studied in the integrative unity with need and motivational aspects. The role of the need sphere in the system of communicative interaction is specified. It is proved that needs are the main driver of communicative activity of participants in intercourse. The levels of formation of communicative needs among boys and girls are determined, and the role of communication in the youth is confirmed on the basis of the experimental analysis of the problem. In the course of the study, the significance of different types of communicative needs for students is established. The leading role of their ego-directed needs in the process of intercourse is stated, including the need to be heard, and understood; the desire to receive help, support and care; the need for empathy and compassion. According to the results of their experimental research, it is found that the vast majority of subjects under study is observed to have higher mean and average levels of communicative needs, that confirms the importance of intercourse at this age. According to the results of the differential-content analysis, two groups of communicative needs are characterized. It is established that ego-directed communicative needs are more important, among them there are: the need to be heard and understandable; the need for care, assistance and support from others; compassion and empathy. It is found out that the needs in care of other people; help and support others; joint leisure activities take the first place among sociogenic needs. All of them have a sensual-emotional coloring. According to the results of the study, it is found that the average indicator of the importance of ego-directed needs is in priority than the average indicator of value of sociogenic needs. This indicates the ego-oriented character of the need and motivational component of intercourse. On the basis of the data of the methodological and empirical research and the generalizations carried out, the program of experimental work is developed. It is used to study communicative needs as important drivers of the communicative process. It is proved that at the same time, the needs of the collectivist-status orientation occupy the last ranks, which should be noticed in correctional and developmental work. Therefore, we consider appropriate to formulate the need for establishing business relations; leadership, domination and control; belonging to a particular community, which is important for the communicative self-determination of young people as the basis of a professional communicative competence.
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