Psychological and pedagogical conditions for the formation of an intellectual and creative personality


  • G.V. Pekhota Scientific and methodical institution "National Institute of Education" of the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Belarus
Keywords: intellectual and creative individual; stages of age development; a subject of learning activity.

Abstract

The article presents the system of formation of intellectual and creative individual at the different stages of age development: the prenatal period, pre-school and general secondary education stages. The article emphasizes the importance of the prenatal period in the formation of intellectual and creative individual, as the intellectual and creative potential, as well as many features of the character of the future person, level of physical health are laid from the moment of his birth. At the stage of pre-school education it is necessary to create psychological and pedagogical conditions for formation of a child’s subjective position in the game activity, which consists in the manifestation of the search initiative, self-regulation of their actions, immediacy of self-expression. The fundamental psychological innovation of preschool age is creative imagination which is in the basis of the theoretical thinking development in the subsequent stages of age development. At the I stage of general secondary education the learning activity is of crucial importance. It is precisely in the learning activity it is formed the primary component of the intellectual and creative potential of an individual ¬– theoretical thinking: the ability to analyze, plan, reflect. Developing the theoretical thinking of pupils and forming their achievement motivation, we develop giftedness. At the II and III stages of general secondary education it should be provided conditions for high personal activity aimed at achieving the goals in broad cognitive, educational, socially useful and other kinds of activity. In the middle school age communication with peers in communicative, collective-distributed activity is of fundamental importance, and at the senior school age an individual subject of learning activity is already being formed. And precisely this age is a final period in the formation of the whole complex of parameters and characteristics which are necessary for the development of creativity as a personal new formation.

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Published
2018-06-29
How to Cite
Pekhota, G. (2018). Psychological and pedagogical conditions for the formation of an intellectual and creative personality. Fundamental and Applied Researches in Practice of Leading Scientific Schools, 27(3), 165-169. Retrieved from https://farplss.org/index.php/journal/article/view/380