Psychologist of personality development in the system of developmental learning of the D.B. Elkonin and V.V. Davydov
AbstractThis theoretical and bibliographic work aims to discuss the Psychology of personality development in the System of Developing Education of D.B. Elkonin and V.V. Davydov. This system outlines the problem of the perception of the concept of development in society, the lack of a common understanding of what a person is, its functions, essential characteristics and stages of personality development in different areas of psychology. The reasons for the emergence of a tendency aimed at the early development of a child in society are analysed. A brief description of the personality theory of A.K. Dusavitsky and G.K. Seredais also provided. A brief analysis of the history of the concept of developing learning is also given. The article describes the vision of the role and place of a developmental psychologist in education, based on the author's 20 years of experience as a practical psychologist in education. This vision is based on the ideas of L.S. Vygotsky, the provisions of the activity approach in psychology. This vision is reduced to the following points: 1. The psychology of personality development arises when social and\or educational environment demand for the child's personality development. The System of Developing Education of D.B. Elkonin and V.V. Davydovis initially aimed at forming the subject's position of the student and perceives the child as an integral personality. 2. The main task of a psychologist of personality development is psychological and pedagogical support of the educational process. The support is carried out in various forms and advice. The advice is related to participants in the educational process: teachers, children, parents and school administration. The methods are chosen depending on the tasks: reflection regarding the educational process, monitoring of the development of the personality at different age stages, examination of the educational process from the point of view of personal development, joint design of the developing environment, seminars and training aimed at solving various development problems and so on. 3. Requirements for the professionalism of the developmental psychologist in the first place is the ability to perceive the child holistically. The developmental psychologist helps all participants of the educational process to reformulate emerging problems into development tasks at each age stage. 4. Psychological and pedagogical support of the educational process is carried out according to the plan, and each form of work is tied to the stage of the educational process. 5. The psychologist concludes that the development of the child in the presence of their problems is age-appropriate. The main task of the developmental psychologist is to correctly and regularly monitor training activities and personal development according to a certain algorithm. 6. The psychologist of personality development, along with the functions described above, performs the function of organizing a dialogue or moderating a discussion between all participants in the learning process.
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