Models and mechanisms of formation of posttraumatic stress disorders in hybrid war (conflicts) and their features
AbstractIn study was conducted analysis and systematic studies of war syndromes, the end of the 20th and early 21st centuries ("Vietnamese syndrome", "Persian Gulf syndrome", "Afghan syndrome," etc.). For the first time are presented the systemic symptoms of the hybrid war syndrome (hybrid conflict) on the basis of the analysis, the application of the method of historical analogies, comparison, systematization and interpretation of facts, abstraction and concretization. For the first time, the presence of the following stages of its development in the process of formation of PTSD has been proven: the "pre-PTSD", the latent phase "soft PTSD" (which already takes place, but obviously does not manifest itself and can be detected only by instrumental (hardware) methods) and "formed PTSD" (as a rule, one that is completely formed, clearly manifested, stable, multisymptomatic, and deployed, which, in the absence of its timely detection and treatment, is more likely to be transformed into a post-traumatic personality disorder). The issues of informational and cognitive trauma of personnel and population were considered on the basis of the analysis of the striking factors of information and cognitive weapons and the peculiarities of their salvage in the Hybrid War. We identified and described in our model of formation of PTSD in the context of the hybrid war "zero" - "entry into military service" stage and the three main stages of the emergence and formation of the PTSD. The first stage is "preparatory": Phases: 1) General training; 2) training in the units in the conditions most close to combat (primary "Vaccinations" from PTSD); 3) Combat coordination of units (secondary "Vaccinations" from PTSD). The second stage of "stay in the crisis zone": 1) phase - sending to the area of military action; 2) participation in military action; 3) retirement. The third stage "Return from the combat zone". Particular emphasis should be put on other models of PTSD formation in specialists who do not take direct participation in battles, but are in a state of high nervous-psychological stress. Stress is due the influence of responsibility for the effectiveness of use in the area of military action or in the enemy territory of high-cost, high-tech means on which the effectiveness of action depends in general, and the lives of combatants (for example, LAC crews and, in particular, UAV operators (2nd model) and military pilots flying aircraft (airplanes / helicopters) (3rd moth model). The first and second stages of the formation of PTSD in them are similar to the above-mentioned one model of the formation of PTSD. Differences with the 1st model and between the second and third models develop in the third stage. It has also been established that PTSD may occur immediately after a traumatic event, or can lead to a negative long-term symptom and show symptoms that are sufficient for the diagnosis of PTSD (or the conditions / illness associated with it), even over the years.
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