Renewable energy in the European Union: support policy and outcomes
AbstractThe article deals with the study of support schemes for renewable energy promotion in the European Union member states. The main strategic documents that declare short-term and long-term goals to increase the share of green energy in final energy consumption of the European Union are considered. The primary motivational mechanisms aimed at encouraging the production of energy from renewable energy sources, namely feed-in tariff models, feed-in premium model, and tradable green certificate scheme are analyzed. In addition, a number of secondary motivational tools such as tender systems, net metering, tax and customs privileges which are used in combination with the primary mechanisms for more effective promotion of renewable energy are described. The results of the influence of policy in renewable energy field on increasing the share of green energy in the total energy mixes of European Union member states are presented.
ii. D’Adamo, I., Rosa, P. (2016). Current state of renewable energies performances in the European Union: A new reference framework. Energy Conversion and Management, 121, 84–92.
. Haas, R., Panzer, C., et al. (2011). A historical review of promotion strategies for electricity from renewable energy sources in EU countries. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15 (2),1003–1034.
iv. Abdmouleh, Z., Rashid, A., et al. (2015). Review of policies encouraging renewable energy integration & best practices. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 45 249–262.
. Gielen, D., Boshell,F., et al. (2019). The role of renewable energy in the global energy transformation. Energy Strategy Reviews, 24, 38-50.
. Gagnon, C. (2010). Ananalysis of feed-in tariff remuneration models: implications for renewable energy investment. Energ Policy, 2010;38(2), 55–65.
vii. Ramli, M., Twaha, S. (2015). Analysis of renewable energy feed-in tariffs in selected regions of the globe: Lessons for Saudi Arabia Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 45, 649–661
. Hustveit, M., Sveen, J., Fleten, F. (2017). Tradable green certificates for renewable support: The role of expectations and uncertainty. Energy, 141, 1717-1727.
. Linnerud, K., Simonsen, M. (2017). Swedish-Norwegian tradable green certificates: Scheme design flaws and perceived investment barriers. Energy Policy, 106, 560-578.
. Rio, P., Mir-Artigues, P. (2014). Combinations of support instruments for renewable electricity in Europe: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 40, 287–295.
. Directive 2009/28/EC. (2009). https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/ LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:0016:0062:en:PDF.
. Energy Road Map 2050. (2012). https://ec.europa.eu/energy/ener/files/ documents/2012_energy_roadmap_2050_en_0.pdf.
. Fouquet, D. (2013). Policy instruments for renewable energy e From a European perspective. Renewable Energy, 49 15-18
. Schallenberg-Rodriguez, J. (2012). Fixed feed-in tariff versus premium: A review of the current Spanish system. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16 (1), 293-305.
. Nilsson M., Sundqvist T. Using the market at a cost: How the introduction of green certificates in Sweden led to market inefficiencies. Utilities Policy 2007; 15(1), 49–59.
. Lukosevicius V. Capacity Building for Sustainable Energy Regulation in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. ERRA, 2011, 113.
. Dumitrescu D. Accounting treatment of green certificates. Universitatea de Stiințe Agricole Si Medicina Veterinara a Banatului . Management Agricol 2013;15 (3),119-126.
. Gautier A., Hoet B. et al. Self-consumption choice of residential PV owners under net-metering. Energy Policy 2019;128, 648-653.
. Eurostat. [Internet]: Renewable energy statistics. Available from: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/ statistics-explained/index.php/Renewable_energy_statistics#Renewable_energy_ produced_in_the_EU_increased_by_two_thirds_in_2007-2017.
Abstract views: 41 PDF Downloads: 41