Truth in soviet journalism: imitation, manipulations, consequences
AbstractThe article deals with four aspects of the problem of truth in journalism of the Soviet era and their consequences in post-Soviet times: the problem of understanding the essence of the phenomenon, finding the truth in concrete situations, truth-telling by mass media to society, perception of the truth by the audience and social reflection. The methods, forms and means of the influence of Soviet journalism on the society are analyzed. The general scientific methods (analysis, deduction, induction, generalization) and the strategy of the substantiated theory are used. The results of the research have scientific and practical significance, they reveal the causes of certain social and communicative consequences of the controlled interaction of the society with the media, transformation of moral and ethical values and concepts, and provide research material on the methodology and technology of mass communication impacts. The author concludes about the need to return society as a whole, and journalism in particular, to understanding, perception of the essential meanings of the truth, in particular its metaphysical nature, and the formation of truth-centered socially responsible position of the journalist.
2. Zdorovega V.Yo. In Search of Truth, Confirmation of Beliefs / Volodymyr Zdorovega. – Lviv: "Higher school", 1975 – 176 p. [in Ukrainian].
3. Zdorovega V.Yo. To Understand the Current Day / V. Ye. Zdorovega. – Kyiv: Dnipro. – 1988 – 263 p. [in Ukrainian].
4. Prokhorov E.P. Introduction to the theory of journalism: A textbook for university students / E. P. Prokhorov - 8th rev., Corrected. – Moscow: Aspect Press, 2011. – 351 p. [in Russian].
5. Rizun V.V. Problems and prospects of the development of journalistic education in Ukraine at the beginning of the XXI century. // Electronic Library of the Institute of Journalism. – 2004. Access mode: http://journlib.univ.kiev.ua/index.php?act=article&article=1338 [in Ukrainian].
6. Rizun V.V. The idea of journalistic education in the context of university discourse. / Universities of Volodymyr Rizun: a word in honor of the 60th anniversary of the jubilee / amended: Yu. V. Bondar, V. M. Korneev. – Odessa: Astroprint, 2017. – 384 p. [in Ukrainian].
7. Pocheptsov G. If the fake is not deliberate deception, this is also the truth / Georgy Pocheptsov. – 2018. // Electronic resource. Access mode: https://fraza.ua/interview/267640-georgij-pocheptsov-esli-fejk-ne-javljaetsja-soznatelnym-obmanom-eto-tozhe-istina- [in Russian].
8. Kavanagh, J., Rich, M. (2018) Truth Decay. A Threat to Policymaking and Democracy. RAND Corporation. Retrieved from: https://www.rand.org/pubs/ research_briefs / RB10002.html
9. Pung, H. (2018 ). The Danger of Truth Decay Across Europe. RAND Corporation. Retrieved from: https://www.rand.org/blog/2018/03/the-danger-of-truth-decay-across-europe.html
10. Fletcher, R., Cornia, A., Graves, L. & Nielsen, R., (2018). Measuring the reach of “fake news” and online disinformation in Europe. Reuters Institute, University of Oxford. Retrieved from: https://reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk/sites/default/files/2018-02/Measuring%20the%20reach%20of%20fake%20news%20and%20online%20distribution%20in%20Europe%20CORRECT%20FLAG.pdf
11. Pocheptsov G. Fakes and loss of the truth. / Georgy Pocheptsov. Media Sapiens. - 2018 // Electronic resource. Access mode: https://ms.detector.media/trends/1411978127/feyki _i_poterya_pravdy/ [in Russian].
12. Pocheptsov G. G. Meanings and War: Ukraine and Russia in information and semantic wars / Georgy Pocheptsov. – Kyiv: Publishing House "Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, 2016. – 316 p. [in Ukrainian].
13. VoxCheck (2019). Lie-2018. How presidential candidates and party leaders lied and manipulated in the pre-election year. VOX Ukraine. Retrieved from: https://voxukraine.org/longreads/lie-2018/index.html [in Ukrainian].
14. Snegovaya M. Сognition comes through comparison: In the trap of consciousness // Electronic resource. Access mode:https://www.vedomosti.ru/newspaper/articles/2014/06/02/v-lovushke-soznaniya#ixzz33vkQEto7 [in Russian].
15. Petrenko, S. Truth as the Problem of Journalism: the Search of the Absolute Meanings. Problem space of modern society: philosophical-communicative and pedagogical interpretations: collective monograph. Part IІ. Warsaw: BMT Erida Sp. z o.o, 2019. – p.636-654 [in Ukrainian].
16. Bilodid, I.K. (Ed.) (1976). Dictionary of the Ukrainian language. (Vol. 7). Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
17. Merriam-Webster Dictionary. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/truth
18. Kipiani V. The Soviet Press at the End of the Communist Age. // Electronic resource. Access mode: http://www.istpravda.com.ua/columns/2010/11/14/4527/ [in Ukrainian].
19. Lyl’o T. Ya. World-wide journalism: A manual. / Taras Lilio. – Lviv: PAIS, 2010. – 152 p. [in Ukrainian].
20. Ivanov V.F., Serdiuk V.Ye. Journalism Ethics: Textbook / Kyiv: Higher School, 2007. – 231p. [in Ukrainian].
21. Lenin V.I. Full collection of works: in 55 v. / V. I. Lenin. T.54 – Kyiv: Politvydav Ukrainy, 1975. – 868 p. [in Ukrainian].
22. Sybert F., Shramm W., Peterson T. Four press theories. / Fred C. Sybert, Wilbur Schramm, Theodore Peterson. // Moscow: Nat. Institute of Press, "Vagrius" – 1998. – 224 p. [in Russian].
23. Sverstiuk, Ievhen (2009). The Wormwood Truth. – Кyiv: Vydavnychyi dim «Kyievo-Mohylianska akademiia» [in Russian].
24. Alekseievych S. The war does not have a woman's face / Svitlana Alekseievych; translated from Russian by V. Rafeienka – Kharkiv: Vivat, 2016. – 400 p.
25. Rokeach M. The open and closed mind: investigations into the nature of belief systems and personality systems. – New York: Basic Books, 1960. – 447 p.
Abstract views: 31 PDF Downloads: 20