Features of forming an effective motivational mechanism at the enterprise

Keywords: motivation; motivational mechanism; needs; motive; stimulus; professional motivation.


The article presents the results of the study of theoretical, methodological and practical aspects of improving the motivational mechanism. The purpose of the study is to analyze staff motivation and develop practical recommendations on how to improve the motivational mechanism in the enterprise. The analysis of personnel motivation was carried out taking into account the specifics of the activities of the General Directorate of the State Emergency Service of Ukraine in the Poltava region. The peculiarity of the formation of the motivational mechanism is the consideration of professional motivation of workers. Professional motivation is formed in the process of becoming a specialist, manifested when performing tasks of professional activity. The conducted motivational monitoring allowed us to identify the most significant areas of increasing the efficiency of the motivational mechanism in the enterprise. Motivational monitoring was carried out using the methods “Diagnostics of the motivational structure of the personality” and “Motivational profile”. Factors influencing the motives of the activities of rescue teams, the types of motivation and motives of professional activity in terms of its direction are considered. Motivational monitoring at the enterprise showed that for the rescuers the motives that determine the choice of the purpose of the activity are high wages, material remuneration and status, stability and public recognition, self-realization and social utility, achievement of complex goals and so on. An analysis of the motivational profiles of the work activities of emergency call center employees, shows that life support, additional income, improvements in living conditions and comfort, and personal development are the dominant needs. The result of the professional motivation of employees of the General Directorate of the State Emergency Service of Ukraine in the Poltava region will be the quality of work, expressed in the quality of their duties, namely, the speed of decision-making, their accuracy, interest in the results of their work, and so on. The study of the effectiveness of various motivators on the efficiency of labor was carried out on the basis of the results of the questioning. The respondents were representatives of the management personnel of the Main Directorate of the State Emergency Service of Ukraine in the Poltava region. The results showed that material motivation prevails for these workers. As part of this study, an economic-mathematical modeling of the dependence of the costs of emergency response on changes in various factors was carried out. The value of the cumulative annual economic effect of the growth in the number of measures taken to prevent emergency situations has been determined. Professional motivation of employees in risky professions contributes to increasing integrity in the performance of official duties, which is the main condition for the successful implementation of operational and rescue work


Kondryuk, M. (2013). The Role of the motivational mechanism in the strategy of enterprise management. URL: http://oldconf.neasmo.org.ua/node/975 [In Ukrainian].
Кондрюк М. (2013). Роль мотиваційного механізму в стратегії управління підприємством. [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу: http://oldconf.neasmo.org.ua/node/975
Shishkin, V. (2011). Motivational mechanism at the enterprise. URL: http://conftiapv.at.ua/publ/konf_20_21_zhovtnja_2011_r/sekcija_5_ekonomichni_nauki/ 23-1-0-1196 [In Ukrainian].
Шишкін В. (2011). Мотиваційний механізм на підприємстві: матеріали міжнар. наук.-практ. конф.: [тези доповідей]. [Електронний ресурс]. Режим доступу: http://conftiapv.at.ua/publ/konf_20_21_zhovtnja_2011_r/sekcija_5_ekonomichni_nauki/ 23-1-0-1196
Cherchik, L.M. (Ed.). (2015). Economics of Labor and Social-Labor Relations: Theoretical Course: Textbook. Lutsk: RVV Luts. NTU. [In Ukrainian].
Черчик Л.М. (Ред.). (2015). Економіка праці й соціально-трудові відносини: теоретичний курс: підручник. Луцьк: РВВ Луц. НТУ.
Skorobogatov, Yu. A. (2012). Analysis of the state of development of the problem of professional motivation of rescuers of the Emergencies Ministry of Ukraine. Bulletin of the National Defense University of Ukraine 4 (29). URL: file:///C:/Users/Admin/Downloads/Vnaou_2012_4_53.pdf [In Ukrainian].
Скоробогатов Ю. А. (2012). Аналіз стану розробки проблеми професійної мотивації рятувальників МНС України. Вісник Національного університету оборони України. 4 (29). Режим доступу: file:///C:/Users/Admin/Downloads/Vnaou_2012_4_53.pdf
Kucherenko, S.M. (2015). Accounting for professional motivation of rescuers SESS of Ukraine during the implementation of activities in special conditions. Problems of extreme and crisis psychology. 17, 173-179. URL: file:///C:/Users/Admin/Downloads/Pekp_2015_17_22.pdf [In Ukrainian].
Кучеренко С.М. (2015). Урахування професійної мотивації рятівників ДСНС України під час виконання діяльності в особливих умовах. Проблеми екстремальної та кризової психології. 17, 173-179. [Електронний ресурс]. Режим доступу: file:///C:/Users/Admin/Downloads/Pekp_2015_17_22.pdf
Ushakova, I.M. & Kovalevska, O.A. (2013). Dynamics of professional motivation of future employees of the bodies of internal affairs. Problems of extreme and crisis psychology. 13, 242-251. URL: http://nuczu.edu.ua/sciencearchive/ProblemsOfExtremeAndCrisisPsychology/vol13/Pekp_2013_13_30.pdf [In Ukrainian].
Ушакова І.М. Ковалевська О.А. (2013). Динаміка професійної мотивації майбутніх працівників органів внутрішніх справ. Проблеми екстремальної та кризової психології. 13, 242-251. [Електронний ресурс]. Режим доступу: http://nuczu.edu.ua/sciencearchive/ProblemsOfExtremeAndCrisisPsychology/vol13/Pekp_2013_13_30.pdf
Stakhi, O.V. (2008). Monitoring of employees' motivation as a means of increasing the competitiveness of the enterprise. URL: http://dspace.nbuv.gov.ua/bitstream/handle/123456789/8925/14-Stahiv.pdf?sequence=1 [In Ukrainian].
Стахів О.В. (2008). Моніторинг мотивації працівників як засіб підвищення конкурентоспроможності підприємства. [Електронний ресурс]. Режим доступу: http://dspace.nbuv.gov.ua/bitstream/handle/123456789/8925/14-Stahiv.pdf?sequence=1
Popov, V.M. (2014). Motivational component of the learned helplessness of the staff of the SNS of Ukraine. Problems of extreme and crisis psychology. 16, 165-174. URL: file:///C:/Users/Admin/Downloads/Pekp_2014_16_23%20(1).pdf [In Ukrainian].
Попов В.М. (2014). Мотиваційний компонент вивченої безпорадності працівників ДСНС України. Проблеми екстремальної та кризової психології. 16, 165-174. [Електронний ресурс]. Режим доступу: file:///C:/Users/Admin/Downloads/Pekp_2014_16_23%20(1).pdf

Abstract views: 151
PDF Downloads: 212
How to Cite
Vasiuta, V. (2019). Features of forming an effective motivational mechanism at the enterprise. Fundamental and Applied Researches in Practice of Leading Scientific Schools, 31(1), 239-249. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.33531/farplss.2019.1.45