Rationale, content, efficacy of psycho-correction of post-traumatic syndrome in combatants with partial vision loss due to combat trauma
AbstractWith informed consent, 100 combatants were surveyed. Of these, 54 participants with eye injury and partial loss of vision due to participation in hostilities with clinical manifestations of post-traumatic syndrome; comparison group - 46 combatants with clinical manifestations of post-traumatic syndrome. All respondents were screened for a mental condition using the clinical diagnostic scale CAPS (Clinical-administered PTSD Scale), a neurotic and psychopathic level determination questionnaire (HNP), Diagnostics of Hayma’s Coping Strategies, Psychological Protection of Plutchik-Kellermann-Conte, WHO WHOQOL-100 quality of life questionnaire, Rosenzweig's test of frustration reactions (adult version) modified by P.V. Tarabry. Upon completion of the survey, psychocorrectional measures were conducted with participants of the main group for 60 days. Methods of psychoeducation, cognitive-behavioral, personality-oriented, rational, suggestive psychotherapy, psychological self-regulation were used. The results of psychocorrection were assessed according to the dynamics of the significance of clinical manifestations and these methods. The application of a system of psychocorrectional measures to participants with an eye injury and partial loss of vision with clinical manifestations of post-traumatic syndrome allows to achieve neutralization or significant improvement in their mental state. This is confirmed by changes in the indicator indicators of the relevance of manifestations of somatic injury with clinical symptoms of post-traumatic syndrome, coping strategies and the structure of psychological protection, frustration response and level of assessment of quality of life. The changes achieved in the process of psychocorrection were significantly significant compared with the participants who are characterized by manifestations of post-traumatic syndrome without an eye injury. Changes achieved using psychocorrection did not reach for some indicators of the normative levels. This indicates the presence of manifestations associated with the consequences of somatic trauma and for their correction, the restructuring of life experience in the face of changes in personal capabilities is necessary.
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