Rationale, content, efficacy of psycho-correction of post-traumatic syndrome in combatants with partial vision loss due to combat trauma


Keywords: psychocorrection; disadaptation; post-traumatic syndrome; stress; eye injury; quality of life.

Abstract

With informed consent, 100 combatants were surveyed. Of these, 54 participants with eye injury and partial loss of vision due to participation in hostilities with clinical manifestations of post-traumatic syndrome; comparison group - 46 combatants with clinical manifestations of post-traumatic syndrome. All respondents were screened for a mental condition using the clinical diagnostic scale CAPS (Clinical-administered PTSD Scale), a neurotic and psychopathic level determination questionnaire (HNP), Diagnostics of Hayma’s Coping Strategies, Psychological Protection of Plutchik-Kellermann-Conte, WHO WHOQOL-100 quality of life questionnaire, Rosenzweig's test of frustration reactions (adult version) modified by P.V. Tarabry. Upon completion of the survey, psychocorrectional measures were conducted with participants of the main group for 60 days. Methods of psychoeducation, cognitive-behavioral, personality-oriented, rational, suggestive psychotherapy, psychological self-regulation were used. The results of psychocorrection were assessed according to the dynamics of the significance of clinical manifestations and these methods. The application of a system of psychocorrectional measures to participants with an eye injury and partial loss of vision with clinical manifestations of post-traumatic syndrome allows to achieve neutralization or significant improvement in their mental state. This is confirmed by changes in the indicator indicators of the relevance of manifestations of somatic injury with clinical symptoms of post-traumatic syndrome, coping strategies and the structure of psychological protection, frustration response and level of assessment of quality of life. The changes achieved in the process of psychocorrection were significantly significant compared with the participants who are characterized by manifestations of post-traumatic syndrome without an eye injury. Changes achieved using psychocorrection did not reach for some indicators of the normative levels. This indicates the presence of manifestations associated with the consequences of somatic trauma and for their correction, the restructuring of life experience in the face of changes in personal capabilities is necessary.

References

1. Zhupan, B. B. (2016). Improving the organization of specialized ophthalmic care in the course of medical support for the anti-terrorist operation // Problems of Military Health, 47, 11–15.
2. Zhupan, B. B. (2017). Specialized ophthalmic care for military personnel in a single medical space. Emergency Medicine, 3 (24). - http://emergency.in.ua/2017-numbers/24-2017/565-n24s4
3. Abdryakhimova, C. B. (2013). Comparative analysis of the presence and severity of major clinical and psychopathological phenomena of non-psychotic psychiatric disorders in persons with vision loss of traumatic genesis according to subjective and objective evaluation. Ukrainian Journal of Psychoneurology, 21, 1 (74), 34 - 39.
4. Abdryakhimova, C. B. (2014). Substantiation of principles and approaches to the provision of comprehensive specialized assistance to persons with non-psychotic mental disorders due to partial loss of vision of traumatic genesis. Ukrainian Journal of Psychoneurology, 22, 3 (80), 158 - 163.
5. Tarabrina, N. W. (2001). Workshop on psychology of post-traumatic stress. (Psychology Workshop Series). St. Petersburg: Peter.
6. Agayev, NA, Kokun, OM, Pishko, IO, Lozinska, NS, Ostapchuk, VV, Tkachenko, VV (2016). Collection of Methods for the Diagnosis of Negative Mental States of Soldiers: A Toolkit. - K .: SIC GPU, 208-225.
7. Isaev, E. R. (2009). Coping behavior and psychological protection of the individual in terms of health and illness. St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg State University, 40-46.
8. Nabiullina, R.R., Tuhtarova, I.V. (2003). Mechanisms of psychological protection and coping with stress (definition, structure, functions, types, psychotherapeutic correction). Kazan, 23-29
9. Raygorodsky, D.Ya. (2006). Practical psychodiagnosis. Methods and tests. Study Guide - Samara: Bahrach-M
Publishing House.
10. Malkin-Pych, I. G. (2005). Psychological Assistance in Crises - M .: Exmo Publishing House.

Abstract views: 12
PDF Downloads: 16
Published
2019-06-30
How to Cite
Abdryahymov, R. (2019). Rationale, content, efficacy of psycho-correction of post-traumatic syndrome in combatants with partial vision loss due to combat trauma. Fundamental and Applied Researches in Practice of Leading Scientific Schools, 33(3), 34-41. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.33531/farplss.2019.3.08