Psychological peculiarities of language use among Ukrainian migrants in Poland speaking different native languages


Keywords: ethnolinguistic identity; psychological components of ethnolinguistic identity; psychological well-being of personality; personality health; welcome status of ethnolinguistic identity; ethnolinguistic communities.

Abstract

The article presents results of the study and practical analysis of the phenomenon of the influence of ethnolinguistic identity on the formation of the language image, as well as the psychological well-being and personal health of Ukrainian-speaking and Russian-speaking Ukrainian migrants in Poland. The article attempts to reveal the value of the welcoming status of linguistic identity to achieve the psychological well-being of a personality in a modern multicultural society. The prospects for studying the impact of ethnolinguistic identity and psychological well-being and the personal health of representatives of Ukrainian language communities and migrant groups with prediction of possible spheres of application of the obtained results are also described. During the empirical research, the psychological peculiarities of language use of Ukrainian migrants in Poland speaking different native languages were studied. As a result of a data analysis based on the description of statistics, we have described the general situation in the psychological sphere of language use among Ukrainian migrants in Poland speaking different native languages. These results provide the basis for further researches on the psychological peculiarities of language use with a wider cultural context and inclusion into a sample both male and female representatives. The results of the research may be useful in the context of an implementation of the programs of psychological support for migrants. The results may be significant for the field of ethnic, cross-cultural and political psychology.

References

1. Ball, J. & Moselle, K. (2013). Contributions of Culture and Language in Aboriginal Head Start in Urban and Northern Communities to Children’s Health Outcomes: A Review of Theory and Research. Division of Children, Seniors & Healthy Development, Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention Branch, Public Health Agency of Canada.
2. Bialystok, E & Martin, M. M. (2004). Attention and inhibition in bilingual children: evidence from the dimensional change card sort task. Developmental Science 7, 325–339.
3. Bialystok, E. & Senman, L. (2004). Executive processes in appearance-reality tasks: the role of inhibition of attention and symbolic representation. Child Development, 75, 562– 579.
4. Bialystok, E. (1999). Cognitive complexity and attentional control in the bilingual mind. Child Development,
5. Bialystok, E. (2001). Bilingualism in development: Language, literacy, and cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
6. Bialystok, E., Craik, F.I.M & Luk, G. (2012). Bilingualism: consequences for mind and brain. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16(4), 240–250.
7. Chandler, M. & Lalonde, C. (1998). Cultural Continuity as a Hedge against Suicide in Canada’s First Nations. Transcultural Psychiatry, 35, 191–219.
8. Child Language Research and Revitalization Working Group. (2017). Language documentation, revitalization, and reclamation: Supporting young learners and their communities. Waltham, MA: EDC.
9. Costa, A., Hernández, M. & Sebastián-Gallés, M. (2008). Bilingualism aids conflict resolution: evidence from the ANT task. Cognition, 106(1), 59–86.
10. Danyliuk, I.V. & Shykovets, S.O. (2018). An attitude to nature: the dichotomy “human – nature” or the measure of human domination over nature as a cultural indicator. American Journal of Fundamental, Applied & Experimental Research, 1(8), 10-17.
11. Danyliuk, I.V., Shykovets, S.O. & Mambetova, A.A. (2017). Psychological peculiarities of mentality of the representatives of the regional communities in Ukraine as a key point for understanding of social crisis in Ukraine. International Journal of Education & Development, 2(1), 8-12.
12. Dorian, N. C. (1981). Language death: The life cycle of a Scottish Gaelic dialect. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
13. Dorian, N. C. (1986). Abrupt transmission failure in obsolescing languages: How sudden they “tip” to the dominant language communities and families. In: V. Nikiforidu, M. V. Clay, M. Niepokuj & D. Feder (eds.) Proceedings of the twelfth annual meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (pp72–83). Berkeley: Berkeley Linguistics Society.
14. Europeans And Their Languages, Special Eurobarometer 386 / Wave EB77.1 Special Eurobarometer, European Commission http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_386_en.pdf
15. Fishman, J. A. (1991). Reversing Language Shift: Theoretical and Empirical Foundations of Assistance to Threatened Languages. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
16. Fritsche, I., Jonas, E. & Fankhänel, T. (2008). The role of control motivation in mortality salience effects on ingroup support and defense. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(3), 524-541.
17. Giles, H., & Johnson, P. (1987). Ethnolinguistic identity theory: A social psychological approach to language maintenance. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 68(1), 69-99.
18. Grinevald, C. (1998). Language Contact and Language Degeneration. In: F. Coulmas (ed.), The handbook of sociolinguistics (pp. 176–184). Blackwell Reference Online.
19. Hogg, M. A. (2000). Subjective uncertainty reduction through self-categorization: A motivational theory of social identity processes. European review of social psychology, 11(1), 223-255.
20. Kim, S., Wang, Y., Deng, S., Alvarez, R., & Li, J. (2011). Accent, perpetual foreigner stereotype, and perceived discrimination as indirect links between English proficiency and depressive symptoms in Chinese American adolescents. Developmental Psychology, 47(1), 289-301.
21. Maercker, A., & Müller, J. (2004). Social acknowledgment as a victim or survivor: A scale to measure a recovery factor of PTSD. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 17(4), 345-351.
22. McIvor, O., Napoleon, A. & Dickie, K. (20090. Language and Culture as Protective Factors for At-Risk Communities. Journal of Aboriginal Health 5(1), 6-25.
23. Nettle, D. & Romaine, S. (2000). Vanishing Voices. The Extinction of the World’s Languages. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
24. O’Shanness, C. 2011. Language contact and change in endangered languages. In P. Austin & J. Sallabank (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Endangered Languages (pp. 78–99). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
25. Oster, R. T., Grier, A., Lightning, R., Mayan, M. J. & Toth, E. L. (2014). Cultural continuity, traditional indigenous language, and diabetes in Alberta First Nations: A mixed methods study. International Journal for Equity in Health 13(1), 148–168.
26. Poulin-Dubois, D., Blaye, A., Coutya, J & Bialystok, E. (2011), The effects of bilingualism on toddlers’ executive functioning. Journal of Experimental Children Psychology, 108(3), 567–579.
27. Robbins, J. A. & Dewar, J. (2011). Traditional Indigenous approaches to healing and the modern welfare of traditional knowledge, spirituality and lands: a critical reflection on practices and policies taken from the Canadian Indigenous example. The International Indigenous Policy Journal 2(4), 1–17.
28. Roccas, S., & Brewer, M. B. (2002). Social identity complexity. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 6(2), 88-106.
29. Sasse, H. J. (1992). Theory of language death. In: M. Brenzinger (ed.). Language Death (pp. 7–30). New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
30. Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. C. (1979). An integrative theory of intergroup conflict. In W. G. Austin & S. Worchel (eds.), The Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations (pp. 33-47). Monterey, CA: Brooks-Cole.
31. UNESCO (2002). Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity, Cultural Diversity, Series No. 1.
32. Wated, G., & Sanchez, J. I. (2006). The role of accent as a work stressor on attitudinal and health-related work outcomes. International Journal of Stress Management, 13(3), 329-350.
33. Wilczak, A. (2016). One million Ukrainians in Poland: Who are they? Where do they work?. Polityka, July 14th. Retrieved from http://www.polityka.pl/tygodnikpolityka/spoleczenstwo/1664626,1,milion-ukraincow-w-polsce-kim-sa-gdzie-pracuja.read [In Polish].
34. Wilczak, A. (2016). Milion Ukraińców w Polsce: Kim są? Gdzie pracują?. Polityka, July 14th. Retrieved from
http://www.polityka.pl/tygodnikpolityka/spoleczenstwo/1664626,1,milion-ukraincow-w-polsce-kim-sa- gdzie-pracuja.read

Abstract views: 20
PDF Downloads: 18
Published
2019-10-30
How to Cite
Danyliuk, I., Kozytska, I., & Shykovets, S. (2019). Psychological peculiarities of language use among Ukrainian migrants in Poland speaking different native languages. Fundamental and Applied Researches in Practice of Leading Scientific Schools, 35(5), 3-8. Retrieved from https://farplss.org/index.php/journal/article/view/636