Features of the value orientations formation in the middle - older preschool age range
AbstractThe article, based on empirical research, outlines the results of qualitative restructuring and dynamic changes in the formation of value orientations in preschool children in the age range of 5 - 6 years. The paper demonstrates that the process of becoming value orientations at six years is the most dynamic despite all the individually variational features. The author emphasizes that between 5 and 6 years there is a significant increase in important components of value orientations and their adequately motivated expression. It is claimed that in the age range from middle to older preschool age, meaningful orientations change in the filling of its constituent components towards greater differentiation (components become more), completeness (transition from external characteristics to behavioural manifestations, personality traits and semantic categories), awareness (the importance and significance of the conscious components increases) and resilience (increasing the number of persistent traits and qualities that describe pre-schoolers’ value orientations). The author describes personal centralization as one of the peculiarities of the value orientations formation at children in children of middle and older preschool age.
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