Factors and models of interpersonal interaction of participants in long-term Ukrainian Antarctic Expeditions
AbstractThe article presents the methodology, statistical analysis and original results of an empirical psychological study of the significant factors of interpersonal interaction of winterers Ukrainian Antarctic Akademik Vernadsky station. The study covers three areas of interpersonal interaction which are strongly interconnected: professional, daily, and leisure. Winterers performed their professional duties and solved daily and leisure problems inside small groups with isolation from the external world. As a result, over four years of observation we have identified the factors and modeled the optimization of interpersonal interaction of peoples in each area. These models can be applied in developing preventive approaches such as psychological training and support the peoples during the log-term expedition. It will allow to optimize the interpersonal interaction of team members in the extreme conditions of Antarctic winter, increase the effectiveness of their professional activities, reduce the influence of extreme factors of environmental and social environment and creating conditions for optimal social adaptation in a small group.
2. Bakhmutova, L. (2019). Research on job satisfaction as a significant factor in effective interpersonal interaction in the long-term polar expeditions. Organizational psychology. Economic psychology. Scientific journal, № 2-3 (17), 7-18. DOI: 10.31108/2.2019.3.17.1.
3. Bakhmutova, L. (2017). The optimization strategy of interpersonal interaction of winterers of Antarctic expeditions. X International Antarctic Conference May 14–16, 2017 Kyiv, Ukraine – pp. 202-203.
4. Chen, N, Wu, Q., Li, H., Zhang, T., & Xu, C. (2016). Different Adaptations of Chinese Winter-Over Expeditioners During Prolonged Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Residence. International journal of biometeorology, 60(5), 737-747. Doi: 10.1007/s00484-015-1069-8
5. Domuschieva-Rogleva, G. & Iancheva, T. (2017). Coping Strategies for the Participants in the Antarctic Expedition. Revista de Psicologia del Deporte. 26(4). 45-50.
6. Grant, I., Eriksen, H., Marquis, P., Orre, I., Palinkas, L., Suedfeld, P., Svensen, E., & Ursin, H. (2007). Psychological Selection of Antarctic Personnel: The "SOAP" Instrument. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 78(8), 793-800.
7. Khandelwal, S.K., Bhatia, A., & Mishra, A.K. (2017). Psychological Adaptation of Indian Expeditioners During Prolonged Residence in Antarctica. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 59(3), 313-319. Doi: 10.4103/psychiatry. IndianJPsychiatry_296_16.
8. Kokun, O.M. & Shamich, O.M. (2016). Psychological characteristics of Paralympic athletes’ self-realisation. Social Welfare. Interdisciplinary Approach, 6(2), 138-147. Doi: 10.21277/sw.v2i6.273
9. Kokun, O., Korobeynikov, G., Mytskan, B., Cynarski, W.J., & Korobeynikova, L. (2019). Applied aspects of improving pupils’ and students’ adaptive capacity. Ido Movement for Culture. Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology, 19(3), 38 - 45; Doi: 10.14589/ido.19.3.5
10. Leon, G.R., Sandal, G.M,. & Larsen, E. (2011). Human Performance in Polar Environments. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 31(4), 353-360. Doi: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2011.08.001
11. Mehta, M. & Chugh, G. (2011). Achievement Motivation and Adjustment in Members of Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica. Psychological Studies, 56(4): 404. Doi: 10.1007/s12646-011-0109-7
12. Nicolas, M., Suedfeld, P., Weiss, K., & Gaudino, M. (2016). Affective, Social and Cognitive Outcomes During a 1-year Wintering in Concordia. Environment and Behavior, 48(8), 1073-1091. Doi: 10.1177/0013916515583551
13. Smith, N., Kinnafick, F., & Saunders, B. (2017). Coping Strategies Used During an Extreme Antarctic Expedition. Journal of Human Performance in Extreme Environments, 13(1), Article Doi: 10.7771/2327-2937.1078
14. Tortello, C., Barbarito, M., Cuiuli, J.M., Golombek, D., Vigo, D.E., & Plano, S. (2018). Psychological Adaptation to Extreme Environments: Antarctica as a Space Analogue. Psychology and Behavioral Science, 9(4), 555768. Doi: 10.19080/PBSIJ.2018.09.555768.004
15. Wood, J., Lugg, D.J., Hysong, S.J., & Harm, D.L. (1999). Psychological Changes in Hundred-Day Remote Antarctic Field Groups. Environment and Behavior, 31(3), 299-337. Doi: 10.1177/00139169921972128
Abstract views: 282 PDF Downloads: 181