Features of the EU legal regulation in the field of immigration and integration of migrants
AbstractThe article is focused on the research of the features of the EU legal regulation in the field of immigration and integration of migrants. It should be noted that almost 20 million third-country nationals reside within the EU, who represent 4% of the EU population. Significant demographic changes are taking place in the EU the working age population is to decline very fast. It was presented the author's definition of sectorial principles in the EU's immigration and integration spheres, in particular the principle of solidarity, the principle of security, the principle of freedom of the EU to decide on the admission of third-country nationals to its territory; the principle of family unity, the principle of integration of migrants into the host society. Author's position is that, the reform of the EU legal migration policy aims at facilitating access to the EU and empowering third-country nationals, that is extremely important as migration tends to be positive under proper management: it gives those who want to migrate an opportunity to improve their lives, while increasing labor resources for EU host countries. Managed migration can increase tax revenue, which can then be spent on overcoming the EU's demographic problem, one of the world's fastest-aging populations. It was defined, that the immigrant integration is a national competence of the Member States, although the EU assists the Member States in this area through coordination, sharing of knowledge and financial resources. The issues regarding the integration of migrants into the EU are implemented at two levels, namely: the European Union sets the political direction in the form of certain decisions and recommendations from EU institutions; EU Member States formulate a national policy on the integration of migrants in line with EU recommendations. Although there is no legal basis in the primary legislation to draft regulations and directives on the integration of migrants, Directive 2003/86 on family reunification and Directive 2003/109 on the granting of long-stay status to third-country nationals play important role in the integration of migrants into the host society. In addition, an Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund has been set up at EU level to support the integration of third-country nationals into the host Member States of the EU.
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