The memory phenomenon essence and the meaning of its concept
AbstractThe purpose of the following scientific exploration is to outline a systematic study of the essence of the memory phenomenon meaning and its concept of the most significant philosophical concepts and ideas. Consequently, the phenomenon of memory in socio-humanitarian knowledge in our scientific research includes a philosophical reflection of the social sciences and humanities results, as well as their inter-disciplinary environment in following the essential aspects of the memory. Philosophical study of the phenomenon of memory challenges interpretation of the subject field of research as an object marked by this concept throughout its progress. In the present research of ‘memory’ as a profound system, we overview the fundamental memory concepts, i.e., the categories on which it is grounded. The study of the memory phenomenon guides our attention to the history of its perception in philosophy i.e., such research fields, and subjects that succeeding con-verted a research source for the development of the memory philosophy. Therefore, we consider the philosophical context of the definition of memory in the socio-humanitarian sciences and philosophy, the concept of "memory", its subject field, studied by psychologists, sociologists, historians and philosophers. The following reflection remarks the main meanings considered in determining the subject field of memory to us, considering memory in the logical relations of thing-thing, properties, relations. The general approach, which incorporates the subject field of memory, its onto-logical meaning, is the relationship between man and reality (in individual memory), social group, community, society, and reality (in collective and social memory). From our viewpoint, the unifying "denominator" is the definition of the relationship be-tween the subject and reality, and the subject in its meaning allows the connection of ontological meaning with epistemological (because it is the subject that knows) and praxeological (carrying out activities) meanings. In this case, we consider that "ultimately" the carrier of memory is a person, in the social sense of the individual, even with the advent of artificial storage of the Internet, etc. In acknowledging the definition of the subject field of memory, we analyzed several definitions of "memory" in national and foreign philosophical literature, including those stated in specialized philosophical publications, encyclopedias, and dictionaries. Having reviewed the fundamental semantic relations in different definitions of memory, we note our working definition of memory, with which the Institute of Memory has been working since 2015. This definition was given by the Soviet academician G. Popov and is represented in his work "Phenomenology of Memory", which includes procedural significance, the problem of which was posed by Ameri-can philosophers.
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