Features of personal identity of drug addicts
AbstractThe problem of personal identity in the modern world is becoming increasingly important due to the increasing number of statuses and roles of the individual, which in recent decades have completely changed and are no longer fixed. One of the potential risks of personal identity disorders is drug addiction, which is one of the most acute problems of our time, the problem of which has reached catastrophic proportions. The peculiarities of the personal identity of persons addicted to psychoactive substances are now increasingly in the focus of researchers. The use of psychoactive substances forms an addictive identity, because of which a person relates himself only to his own role-playing, often illusory characteristics, losing a deep understanding of his own “Self”. Violation of the formation of identity, in turn, acts as a factor in the development of addictive behaviour. The article presents the results of a study of personal identity in people with drug addiction (opium addiction). The theoretical and methodological basis of the study was the concept of ego-identity E. Erickson and J. Marcia's concept of the statuses of his identity. We used techniques to diagnose personal identity "Who am I?" M. Kuna, T. McPartland in the modification of T.V. Rumyantseva and the method "Diagnosis of interpersonal relationships" (T. Leary). The study sample consisted of 102 male patients with drug addiction (opium addiction) aged 18-26 years, and 54 healthy males aged 18-27 years without signs of somatic, mental pathology and drug addiction. Research and analysis of personal identification characteristics of drug addicts shows that personal identity is characterized by internal consistency, blurring and inconsistency of the image of "Self", formed due to superficial and weak differentiation awareness of one's own "Self"; personal identity is characterized by blurring and unformed boundaries of one's own "Self", namely the adhesion of aspects of "Self" - Real and "Self" - ideal, which determines the deformation of personal identity and value-motivational sphere of the drug addict; characterized by polymorphic structure of "Self", the difficulty of self-identification and the inability to distinguish "ideal" aspects of personality from the real, which contributes to the formation of diffuse status of personal identity, supporting the process of negative transformation into addictive identity and characterized by awareness of drug addiction.
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