Approaches to the study of conflicts in psychological studies
AbstractThis article contains previously accumulated scientific knowledge in the field of psychology, which allows for new research in the field of interpersonal conflicts. The views of different scholars on the same problem are presented, which allows us to look at it from different angles and is necessary for an objective understanding of the problem of conflict. Conflicts in our lives are quite important. Therefore, it is especially important to learn to deal with them constructively, which will maintain a normal relationship between the parties to the conflict, as well as the psychological and even physical health of their participants. The theoretical approach to the study of conflicts is important because it determines the development of new areas of research on this topic. Domestic and foreign scientists have made an invaluable contribution to the creation of a scientific knowledge base on conflict, which can be used in further research. So, the following approaches to the study of conflict have emerged in science: psychoanalytic; sociotropic; ethological; from the perspective of the theory of group dynamics; in the context of frustration-aggressive interpretation; behavioural; sociometric; interactionist. You can also highlight such modern approaches as: game theory; theory of organizational systems; theory and practice of the negotiation process. This knowledge can be used to study conflicts in any area of human life. The psychological aspect of professional activity can also be explored based on the knowledge mentioned in this article. The reform of the law enforcement system in Ukraine has given rise to new subjects of scientific research. Psychological factors of conflicts between men and women police officers in the new police environment have not been the subject of scientific research at all. Their study will create a scientific basis for the development of professional psychological recommendations for improving the psychological state of police officers, as well as improving the quality of their duties, which will increase the authority of the police in the eyes of Ukrainian society.
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