Psychological hardiness as an indicator of elderly people’s adaptability


Keywords: hardiness; hardiness components; commitment; control; challenge; the elderly age.

Abstract

The article considers the approaches examining psychological hardiness and used in foreign and national psychological science. Hardiness is analysed as one of the indicators describing adaptability at the old age. The article draws attention to crises appearing during retirement that can negatively affect elderly people’s life. It is important to develop an individual’s hardiness, which allows them to orient and balance their way of life. The article presents the study on elderly people’s hardiness and its components (commitment, control, challenge). The features of elderly people’s life were interpreted depending on hardiness and its components manifested by them. High hardiness allowed an individual to feel more emotionally and, at the same time, to build consciously their lives and activities, to remain active in their actions and deeds. Average hardiness was considered sufficient because people with such hardiness had sufficient inner forces to cope with the life difficulties and not avoid their solving. Low hardiness meant important sign for those who worked or interacted with elderly people. It is important to monitor how much an individual is ready or unwilling to take responsibility for their own lives, what hardiness aspects (emotional, cognitive, and behavioural) and to what degree are involved. Those accompanying hardiness components were considered that manifested as a set of traits allowing an elderly person to remain socially active. The article proposes an advances study on elderly people’s hardiness during normative age, worldview, or existential crises, as they are experienced at different sub-stages of the old and senile age. This will clarify the role of hardiness and corresponding personal qualities that can positively or negatively affect elderly people’s life.

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Published
2020-10-30
How to Cite
Lych, O. (2020). Psychological hardiness as an indicator of elderly people’s adaptability. Fundamental and Applied Researches in Practice of Leading Scientific Schools, 35(5), 106-113. Retrieved from https://farplss.org/index.php/journal/article/view/790