Social-psychological training as a means developing an individual’s hardiness
AbstractThe article discusses trainings as a way developing an individual’s hardiness. The organizational components and training principles are analyzed (the principles of voluntariness, equality, activity, not harming other people, feedback, confidentiality), which are necessary for development and implementation of a successful training. The theoretical-methodological basis for a training developing an individual’s hardiness is described. Scientists’ views on trainings as a method of psychological influence to bring personal changes, internal shifts affecting an individual’s life are revealed. The teaching and developmental nature of trainings is emphasized. The article substantiates those trainings can be used as an effective group form of work with elderly people. Homogeneous participation in the training group is analyzed as a recommendation helping to avoid possible negative social-psychological effects. The training implemented within the program “development of elderly people’s life culture” was proven to be effective, which is confirmed by applied mathematical statistics. The article describes the results obtained during elderly people’s training, aimed at correction their well-being characteristics, helping them to understand their existential experiences, emotional states, their life path and to expand the repertoire of adaptive strategies used by them. The data obtained in the control and experimental groups before and after the training were compared; the corresponding comparative analysis was interpreted in the article. Statistically significant positive dynamics was found; the hardiness components and self-acceptance grew, existential experience was better understood by elderly people, the repertoire of adaptive coping strategies used by them expanded, and their attitudes towards their health, life as a value and emotional background changed. In addition, these changes were examined separately for the elderly people groups with high, medium and low psychological hardiness (these groups were identified before the training). Therefore, trainings can be used as a group form of work with elderly people.
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