Traumatic experience’s personification: conceptualization of the problem
AbstractIn the article it is proved that positive changes after stress situations and traumatic events are part of wider approach of positive psychology in the time of the last decades. It is analysed, that notedly a greater accent is done on a posttraumatic stress disorder, but not on a posttraumatic personality growth because of experiencing of traumatic events, not taking into consideration even the fact that most people experience resilience of greater or less measure here, and many from them have positive personality changes. It is underlined that from the point of view of positive psychology psychological disorders are not accordances, analogues or equivalents of biological or medical diseases, but they represent problems in co-operating of individual with his social environment, not narrowing only to intrapsychological complications. It is shown that the role of clinical psychologist within the framework of positive approach first consists in authentication (determination) of strong parties of human personality and strengthening of psychical health. It is analysed, how a psychosocial model describes, as co-operation works between psychological and social factors for the aims of acceleration of the cognitive-emotional adjusting. It is discussed that the psychosocial model acknowledges that changes in the psychical structure of human personality can have place as part of processes of adaptation in connection with new estimations and overvalues. The theory of organismic evaluation asserts that a person has internal motivation on positive adaptation to the terms of environment, circumstances and external factors can limit however, to slow or distort this internal motivation. The fundamental value of theory of organismic evaluation lies in that people are explained to attain the state of positive adaptation after a trauma, as they usually do in everyday life. In this sense the process of organismic evaluation is not examined as property only of posttraumatic adaptation, and rather as common to all mankind inclination. It is well-proven that a theory and practice of diminishing and softening of posttraumatic stress not necessarily will be suitable for facilitaion of personality growth, as in the theory of decline of level of PTSD it must happen or through assimilation, or through accommodation, however only a positive accommodation is examined as such, that assists growth.
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