Methodology of neuropsychological research of the emotional sphere of mothers of children with autism spectrum disorders
AbstractThe moment the doctors establish the child's diagnosis undermines the foundation of maternal stability, which becomes a crisis event for the entire family. The shock of the situation, the denial of reality contributes to the division of life before and after the diagnosis. Since the brain acts as an advocate of mental health and preservation of life, apathetic-depressive states are launched as a protective weapon against excessively strong emotional suffering. This gives the mother time to disconnect from the terrible reality, to realize her own thoughts, emotions, and behavior with the psychological support of a specialist or close people who provide a network of acceptance and support. The experience of a woman raising a child with RSA of anxiety-depressive conditions allows you to know the personal limit of the bottom, from which the mother will push back in the future and continue to live. In view of modern research, the problem of determining neuropsychological invariants of maternal attachment to a child with RSA becomes more relevant. We chose the genetic modeling approach as the methodological basis of our research. This is since this method will make it possible to effectively study the influence of social, biological, and cultural factors in the process of personification of experience by an individual. In our research, we will use neuropersonology theory developed by the founder of the national scientific school of neuropsychology, B.M. Tkach, to understand as accurately as possible how a person with certain morpho-functional features of the brain structure reacts to psychological events and reacts to them. Diagnostics will be carried out according to the criteria grouped by B.M. Tkach (2018) based on DSM-V. This will allow us not only to know about the neuropsychological features of the subjects, but also to understand what psychological resources we have to overcome negative experiences. Considering the ecological nature of the research and approximation to the usual conditions, we chose "EMOTIV Epoc+" for mapping the electrical activity of the brain, and "EMOTIV Insight" for studying the subconscious reactions of the subjects during the psychotherapy process.
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